independent contractor agreement remote work

5 Steps for a powerful Independent Contractor Agreement (incl Template)

Whether you’re a freelancer, contractor, independent broker or looking to engaging someone temporarily, the independent contractor agreement is the key to a safe and smooth collaboration.

In this article we’ll explain how a bullet proof agreement is structured, what goes in, and what everyone should be extra careful about.

If you’re unsure about signing or drafting an agreement, don’t hesitate to reach out.


The freelance economy is booming. According to reports, the US freelance economy was as large as $135 trillion in 2022.

In today’s dynamic business environment, companies increasingly rely on independent contractors for specialized skills and project-based work.

This shift offers flexibility and cost-effectiveness for businesses, and autonomy and income potential for freelancers.

However, without a clear understanding of the working relationship, disputes can arise. An independent contractor agreement is a crucial tool that protects both businesses and independent contractors, ensuring a smooth and successful collaboration.

What is an Independent Contractor Agreement?

An independent contractor agreement is a legal document that outlines the terms of service between a client (the business) and an independent contractor (the freelancer).

It details the scope of work, payment terms, timelines, and other critical aspects of the project or service.

Here are some key elements typically included in an independent contractor agreement:

  • Parties involved: Identifies the client and the independent contractor with their respective business names and contact information.
  • Scope of Services: Clearly defines the specific tasks or deliverables expected from the independent contractor.
  • Term and Termination: Specifies the duration of the project or service and outlines the process for termination by either party.
  • Payment: Details the payment terms, including amount, schedule, and method of payment.
  • Expenses: Clarifies whether the contractor will be reimbursed for any project-related expenses.
  • Intellectual Property: Establishes ownership rights of any work product or intellectual property created during the project.
  • Confidentiality: Protects sensitive business information shared by the client with the contractor.
  • Independent Contractor Status: Clearly defines the independent contractor relationship, ensuring both parties understand the tax and legal implications.

Why is an Independent Contractor Agreement Important?

Having a well-drafted agreement offers significant benefits for both clients and independent contractors:

Benefits for Clients

  • Reduced Risk: A clear agreement minimizes the risk of misclassification as an employee, which can lead to tax penalties and other legal issues.
  • Protected Information: Confidentiality clauses safeguard sensitive business information shared with the contractor.
  • Clear Expectations: A defined scope of work ensures the project aligns with the client’s objectives and avoids misunderstandings.

Benefits for Independent Contractors

  • Guaranteed Payment: A formal agreement ensures timely payment for completed work.
  • Project Clarity: Clear expectations on deliverables and deadlines prevent scope creep and potential disputes.
  • Professional Standing: A signed agreement demonstrates professionalism and strengthens your reputation as a freelancer.

When is an Independent Contractor Agreement Necessary?

An independent contractor agreement is essential whenever you engage a freelancer or independent contractor for services. This includes, but is not limited to:

  • Writers and editors
  • Web developers and designers
  • Graphic designers
  • Marketing consultants
  • Virtual assistants
  • IT specialists

By having a clear agreement in place, you can avoid potential conflicts and ensure a successful working relationship with your independent contractor.

What to Include in Your Independent Contractor Agreement

Here are five key steps for creating a powerful independent contractor agreement:

Step 1: Clear Scope of Work

  • Clearly define the project or services to be provided
  • Include specific deliverables, timelines, and milestones
  • Outline any limitations or exclusions

Step 2: Payment Terms

  • Specify the compensation amount and structure (hourly, project-based, etc.)
  • Define payment schedule and methods
  • Include provisions for expenses, if applicable
  • Address late payment penalties or incentives for early completion

Step 3: Intellectual Property Rights

  • Clearly state who owns the work product
  • Define any licensing agreements or restrictions
  • Address confidentiality and non-disclosure requirements

Step 4: Independent Contractor Status

  • Explicitly state that the relationship is that of an independent contractor, not an employee
  • Include provisions that reinforce this status (e.g., contractor provides own equipment, sets own hours)
  • Address tax responsibilities and lack of employee benefits

Step 5: Termination and Dispute Resolution

  • Define conditions under which either party can terminate the agreement
  • Specify notice periods for termination
  • Include a dispute resolution clause (e.g., mediation or arbitration)
  • Address any post-termination obligations or restrictions

While the specific details of your agreement will vary depending on the project and the nature of the work, here are addtional elements to consider:

  • Confidentiality: If the project involves sensitive information, include a confidentiality clause that restricts the contractor from disclosing this information to third parties.
  • Dispute Resolution: Outline a process for resolving any disagreements that may arise during the project.
  • Independent Contractor Status: Clearly state that the contractor is not an employee and is responsible for their own taxes and benefits.
  • Termination Clause: Specify the conditions under which either party can terminate the agreement, with or without notice.

Remember to have the agreement reviewed by a legal professional to ensure it complies with local laws and adequately protects both parties’ interests.

Do I Need a Lawyer to Draft an Independent Contractor Agreement?

While it’s not always mandatory to involve a lawyer in drafting an independent contractor agreement, it’s highly recommended, especially for complex projects or high-value contracts.

A lawyer can ensure your agreement is legally sound, protects your interests, and complies with all relevant tax and labor laws.

Hodder Law specializes in drafting and reviewing comprehensive independent contractor agreements, ensuring they are legally sound, protect our clients’ interests, and comply with all relevant regulations and industry standards.

Independent Contractor Agreement Template

To save you some time, feel free to download our independent contractor agreement template right below.


An independent contractor agreement is an essential tool for any business or freelancer engaging in project-based work. By taking the time to create a clear and comprehensive agreement, you can safeguard your interests, set clear expectations, and foster a successful and productive working relationship.

Contact Hodder Law if you need help or seek advice and want to ensure your agreement is bulletproof.

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